Jan 27, 2009

Keliru Tentang Onani

salam

saya dalam kekeliruan tentang hukum perbuatan onani.saya pernah terbaca ada mengatakan onani hukumnya tak haram kerana ia adalah salah satu cara melepaskan nafsu yang membuak-buak dikalangan orang yang belum berkahwin dan yang sudah berkahwin.di sini apakah hukum sebenar perbuatan ini?

****************************
alitantawi

saya copy fatwa ni dari www.islamonline.net . jawapan oleh SYeikh Mustafa al Zarqa'.

The late prominent scholar Sheikh Mustafa Az-Zarqa, may Allah bless his soul, has analyzed the issue of masturbation in detail and, after discussing the different views of scholars and jurists regarding it, issued the following fatwa:
“The only legal text used as evidence for the prohibition of masturbation is Allah’s saying describing the believers: “Those who guard their sexual organs except with their spouses or those whom their right hands possess, for (with regard to them) they are without blame. But those who crave something beyond that are transgressors.” (Al-Mu'mun: 5-7)
Commenting on this verse, some scholars hold the view that this habit (masturbation) falls under the category of those who seek fulfillment of their sexual desires outside the framework of marriage, and as such they are deemed transgressors. Those scholars put masturbation under the list of the forbidden categories of sexual fulfillment since it constitutes transgression of boundaries. This view is held by the Shafi`ites (followers of the Shafi`i school of Fiqh).
However, some other scholars believe that the transgression meant in the aforementioned verse refers to extra-marital relations and what falls under the category of Zina (adultery). According to this view, masturbation does not fall under the meaning of this verse. This view is very close to the opinion held by the Hanafites (followers of the Hanafi school), who maintain that masturbation is basically forbidden, but it may be permissible under the following conditions:
1. if the person is unmarried,
2. if he or she fears that without masturbation he/she will commit Zina, and
3. if the masturbation here is, rather than fulfilling a sexual desire, just to release the sexual tension resulting from stimulation.
I conclude that the general principles of Shari`ah go against this habit, because it is not the normal way of fulfilling sexual desire; however it is a deviation – and that is enough to condemn it, even though this act does not fall under the category of absolute prohibition like Zina. However, the law of necessity, which is one of the principles of Shari`ah, should also apply here. For example, if someone is afraid that he would commit a greater sin like Zina or he will be harmed by some psychological disorders, then the ban on masturbation would be relaxed just to remove the hardship, based on the Shari`ah principle that states that “necessity is judged according to the circumstances that warrant it.”
That means going to the extreme in masturbating is not permissible in all cases, for the following two reasons:
1. it would be resorted to not as a case of extreme necessity to release the tension and the pain resulting from sexual arousal, but to fulfill the sexual desire, and
2. it is harmful to one's health, and whatever is physically harmful is not allowed in Shari`ah, according to the consensus of the Muslim scholars.
In addition to the two conditions stipulated by the Hanafites, I would add two more conditions based on the general rules of Shari`ah:
1. the difficulty of getting married, and
2. The inability to fast.
As we know, the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, has advised those who cannot afford marriage to fast, saying: "O youth, whoever of you is able to marry, let him marry, for it prevents forbidden stares or lapsing in adultery. And if he cannot marry, let him observe fasting, for it is a shield against evil." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, English Translation, Vol. 7, Book 62, Hadith no. 4; Sahih Muslim, Book 008, Hadith no. 3231)
This is the view I believe to be the most correct concerning this issue.”

------------------------------tambahan thtl

Fatwa Fadhilah Syaikh almarhum Ali Tanthawi, KSA:

1. Allah meletakkan dalam tubuh kita insting atau naluri untuk melindungi diri kita dari kematian dengan memberi rasa lapar. Allah juga meletakkan insting meneruskan keturunan dgn memberi isting syahwat sebagai tanda kehausannya. Ia dalam bentuk energy atau tenaga. Jika letrik, ialah suatu energy yg menggerakkan peralatan dan mesen, maka energi dalaman manusia ini mampu menghasilkan kelangsungan generasi manusia. Maka tenaga /energy seks ini tidak boleh dibuang ke tanah dan disia-siakan melalui onani.

2. Kata Emanuel Kant (aku banyak mengkaji Emmanuel Kant, filosuf German ketika dikuliah Falsafah) berkata: " bila anda ingin mengetahui hakikat sesuatu perkara (baik/buruk), maka perhatikan amalan tradisi orang ramai. Maka jika ditakdirkan ramai orang melakukan onani dalam masyarakat, maka akan lumpuhlah tradisi pernikahan, terputuslah keturunan, dan pincanglah umat. Atas dasar ini, kita katakan onani adalah suatu perilaku yg buruk, bukan kebaikan, terlarang dan tidak disyari'atkan.

3. Apakah ia haram sebagaimana zina?
jawabnya, TIDAK, cuma terlarang tapi tidak termasuk DOSA BESAR, Sesiapa yang dalam keadaan stabil (normal) lalu merancap, maka ia berdosa, tapi bukanlah dosa besar.

4. Bagaimana jika ia sedang dikuasai gelojak nafsu syahwah sementara ia tidak mampu mengekangnya kecuali onani? jawabnya: maka ia boleh saja melakukannya atas alasan dharurat tapi dharurat ini bukanlah sampai ke tahap dharurat lazim yang menghalalkan yg terlarang.

5. Bagaimana ia tiada pilihan antara onani atau zina? jawab: maka lakukan onani kerna ia termasuk mengambil kaedah ' mengambil yang lebih ringan dari dua kejahatan (akhaf adhdhurarayn)' . itupun jangan berlebihan hingga menyakitkan kemaluan.

6. Nasihatku utk pemuda:
a. menikahlah
b. puasalah, jika tak mampu menikah, kerana puasa mendinginkan gelojak
c. jauhi punca tumbuhnya gelojak nafsu seks spt bahan fornografi, lagu2 murahan, dan sembang2 dengan gerombolan pemuda yang rosak

Akhir sekali:

Barangsiapa bertaqwa kepada Allah, Allahpun mencukupinya. Ia akan dibersihkan oleh-Nya dengan mimpi2 indah utk mendapatkan kelazatan tanpa berbuat dosa dan mendatangkan mudharat.

[Fatawa asy-Syaikh Ali TanThawii, susunan Mujahid Ma'mun, cetakan Riyadh: Dar alMinaret, 1990]

24 comments:

Anonymous said...

Assalammualaikum..saya ingin bertanya adakah terbatal air wuduk kita apabila bersentuhan sesama sendiri suami isteri..saya keliru sebenarnya,ada pendapat yang saya dengar apabila bersentuhan sesama suami isteri maka tidak terbatal air wuduk..saya ingin mendapatkan kepastian dalam persoalan saya ini..sekian,terima kasih

Admin said...

W'salam

dalil tidak batal wuduk sentuh perempuan/lelaki:

http://qawudukdanmandi.blogspot.com/2009/08/dalil-tentang-sentuh-perempuan-tak.html.

Lintah said...

Informasi yang amat jelas dan berguna untuk panduan semua..

Anonymous said...

assalamualaikum , saya nk tanya anak perempuan adakah boleh memandikan jenazah ayahnya ? terima kasih

aku yang bingung said...

assalamualaikum.
suami seorg mualaf. mungkin byk dosa sy kerana tidak pernah memaksa untuknya mendalami islam. sy hnye akan bg hint, cth: hr ni jumaat, abg x ke masjid? masalahnya sy sedar sy berdosa sbb x paksa dia tp mmg sy x suka paksa org. skarg da lm dia x bkerja. cari kerja x dpt2, bt bisnes x jd2. sy da x tahan menanggung smua masalah. kadang sy rasa dia seolah lepas tgn n bia je sy tanggung smua masalah. bila diajak berbincg, sy dituduh sbagai penyebab smua masalah. hidupnya jd truk sbb kehadiran sy. walhal semua tau(family dia n sy) bahwa stelah kami bersamalah byk yg dicapai. kini sy mmg da hilang smangat n hati utk trus hidup bersama. ingin berpisah dan cuba beri masa utk sy dan dia fikirkan perlukah kami dlm hidup msg2(perlu sy dlm hdp dia?)kalau sy nak hidup berpisah sementara boleh tak? perlu kah bercerai dulu? apa cara lain? sy x suka dipersalahkan atas kegagalan sendiri, biar apa pun sy terpaksa bertahan kerana anak sy amat menyayangi saya dan papanya. perlukah sy trus menyiksa diri kerena anak? kalau cerai le ke sy trus duduk serumah dgn bekas suami kerana anak? sy x nak anak sy pula yg jd mangsa. sy sgt tertekan. sy x sanggup nak jumpa sesiapa pun dari keluarga sy, bimbang sy akan jd lemah, selemah-lemahnya. apa patut sy lakuakan?

aku yang bingung said...

andai ada cara yang terbaik buat saya suami dan anak yang saya sayangi, bantulah dengan cadangan. sesungguhnya sy hanya perlukan cadangan untuk sya fikir, nilai dan buat pilihan terbaik. sy tau bahawa suami x mungkin mahu berpisah dgn sy ttp sayang sahaja tidak cukup dlam hidup ni. kasih sayang saya yang mula pudar sekarang ni. bantulah demi yang terbaik. fikirkan juga ttg anak sy (3thn) yg sgat syg n rapat dgn papanye. andai sy tpakse tanggung derita demi jantung hati sy, sy redha.....

Admin said...

kenapa puan hanya fikir untuk pilih jalan berpisah? masalahnya cara puan dan suami puan berfikir untuk menyelesaikan masalah... semua orang lain pun ada masalah yang lebih rumit...

jalan keluarnya sudah sedia ada dalam Islam kenapa tidak selongkar lebih jauh... apa yg harus dilakukan jika tersepit dengan pelbagai masalah... usahakan bantuan dari ilmuan agama yang terdekat asal jangan tersalah pilih... pastikan semua berpaksikan alQuran dan asSunnah..

makan sedikit masa dan usaha... jangan putus asa dari rahmat Allah insyaallah rumahtangga puan akan selamat kekal aman bahagian.

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Khidir Yusof said...

Assalamualaikum..saya nk tanya jika saya berkata "berambus la engkau" pada isteri,adakah jatuh talak sedangkan saya tidak berniat untuk jatuhkn talak padanya..

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